Renovis E-MAX™ Acetabular Inserts Design Rationale

Hip Product Group

Renovis E-MAX Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene† was developed to build on the lessons learned from the first generation of highly crosslinked polyethylenes (XLPE) and to address the trade-offs currently associated with these materials. In general, the goal was a material that fulfills three primary design requirements for a hip bearing: wear resistance, oxidative stability, and maintenance of mechanical properties.

Optimized crosslinking for wear resistance

First generation XLPE hip inserts have demonstrated very low wear rates in both hip simulators and in clinical radiographic studies. [1-9] Researches have found that the optimal radiation dose for improving wear resistance is about 10 Mrad, above which no further beneficial effects are observed.[10] Thus, Renovis engineers optimized the radiation dose for Renovis E-MAX, ensuring that the crosslink density for hip liners is comparable to 10 Mrad XLPE. [11]

Mechanically-annealed, rather than melt-annealed

Currently available XLPE is melt-annealed is to eliminate free radicals that lead to oxidation and subsequent polymer degradation. The reduction in mechanical properties caused by melt-annealing is well-known. [12-14] Renovis E-MAX is annealed using a proprietary mechanical compression process. This mechanical annealing eliminates free radicals—like melt-annealing—but does not diminish the mechanical properties of the polyethylene. [15]

Vitamin E-blended to address oxidation

Furthermore, recent retrieval studies of melt-annealed inserts have revealed unexpected signs of in vivo oxidation.[16,17] Renovis E-MAX contains 0.1%-weight vitamin E, which acts to scavenge free radicals, thus hindering the polyethylene oxidation cascade. [18,19]

Thus, Renovis E-MAX brings together the most important requirements for a polyethylene bearing: wear resistance, oxidative stability, and mechanical properties.

Learn more about Renovis E-MAX Highly Crosslinked Polyethylene.


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